Feature selection can improve the performance of data classification effectively. In order to further improve the solving ability of Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) on feature selection, a hybrid Ant colony optimization with Brain storm Optimization (ABO) algorithm was proposed. In the algorithm, the information communication archive was used to maintain the historical better solutions, and a longest time first method based on relaxation factor was adopted to update archive dynamically. When the global optimal solution of ACO was not updated for several times, a route-idea transformation operator based on Fuch chaotic map was used to transform the route solutions in the archive to the idea solutions. With the obtained solutions as initial population, the Brain Storm Optimization (BSO) was adopted to search for better solutions in wider space. On six typical binary datasets, experiments were conducted to analyze the sensibility of parameters of the proposed algorithm, and the algorithm was compared to three typical evolutionary algorithms:Hybrid Firefly and Particle Swarm Optimization (HFPSO) algorithm, Particle Swarm Optimization and Gravitational Search Algorithm (PSOGSA) and Genetic Algorithm (GA). Experimental results show that compared with the comparison algorithms, the proposed algorithm can improve the classification accuracy by at least 2.88% to 5.35%, and the F1-measure by at least 0.02 to 0.05, which verify the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed algorithm.